Quantum Circuits are used to visualize a prescription of quantum gates acting on a quantum state. They describe the changes of the quantum data as it undergoes successive discrete operations.
The data in a Quantum Circuit is usually encoded in a -qubit state (other Quantum Circuit models can use -level quantum systems instead of these -level systems) which is set to a known vale, i.e. . Thus, for every qubit in the circuit a horizontal rail, a wire, is drawn to represent its evolution, time flows from left to right.
Additionally, a Quantum Circuit is built from elementary quantum gates (unitary operations) acting on a fixed number of qubits. Since Quantum Circuits are read from left to right, leftmost gates act first.
Then, a description of the Quantum System consists of
- Input: A controlled input -qubit state.
- Evolution: Prescribed sequence of Unitary Single-qubit and Two-qubit logic quantum gates which give the evolution of the initial quantum state.
- Output: Readout (measurement) of the state of the qubits.
Quantum Circuits where drawn using this LaTeX package.
All text copyright © Marco Vinicio Sebastian Cerezo de la Roca.
The More You Know: Quantum Circuit por Marco Vinicio Sebastian Cerezo de la Roca se distribuye bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.